The Ultimate List – 250 Safe And Toxic Foods For Parrots

What’s safe for your parrots to munch on? Wondering what to steer clear of? Check out this list of over 250 items, and growing! If you’re unsure about a specific food, use your browser’s “search” or “find in page” feature. Click on underlined items for detailed articles on their safety.

What this table CAN do:

Here’s a compilation of general information about various foods, sourced from credible outlets including avian nutritionists. We’ll offer a “to the best of our knowledge” safety indicator, relying on our assessment of each food item’s nutritional content.

What this table CANNOT do:

  1. Prescribe Diets for Specific Species: Different parrot species have unique dietary needs. Always research your specific parrot species to create a diet tailored to their requirements. Cross-check information from various sources for a comprehensive understanding.
  2. No Absolute Safety Guarantee: Safety or toxicity of food depends on factors like bird size, quantity consumed, interactions with other foods, environmental conditions, individual health, and specific dietary needs. We cannot guarantee absolute safety. Monitor your bird’s well-being closely.
  3. Consult with Professionals: When in doubt, seek advice from avian nutritionists or avian veterinarians. Their expertise ensures accurate guidance tailored to your bird’s individual needs

Read Also: How To Clip A Conures Wings?

Dairy

Most parrots are lactose-intolerant. While dairy is not necessarily toxic, it can lead to stomach upset and diarrhea. Many dairy products are high in fat, sugar, or salt, which is not healthy if fed frequently. Opt for low/no lactose, low-fat, and additive-free dairy products or simply avoid them.

CATEGORYFOOD ITEMIs it Safe for Parrots?REMARKS
DairyMilk (from animals)AvoidParrots can’t digest lactose, may cause stomach upset
DairyMilk (from plants)DependsNut milk (almond, etc.) unsweetened and unflavored are generally okay. Avoid bean milk.
DairyButterLimitedFull of fat; avoid (better than margarine)
DairyCheeseLimitedParrots cannot digest lactose, may cause stomach upset
DairyCream (sour, whipped, etc.)LimitedFull of fat; avoid
DairyIce creamLimitedParrots cannot digest lactose; high in fat and sugar. Avoid alcoholic or chocolate ice cream.
DairyMargarineLimitedFull of fat; avoid
DairyYoghurtYesYoghurt with live cultures has no lactose, therefore is safe. Limit flavored/sweetened yoghurts (high in sugar).

Eggs

Eggs are sometimes included in parrot diets as a protein source. However, note that high protein diets may lead to hormonal challenges. Some aviculturists oppose animal protein for parrots, as they don’t often consume such proteins in the wild.

CATEGORYFOOD ITEMIs it Safe for Parrots?REMARKS
EggsEggsYesExcellent source of vitamin A, calcium, and protein. Ideal for breeding birds. Feed boiled or fried (without oil). Never offer raw or undercooked.

Flowers/teas

Avoid feeding any caffeinated teas to your parrots, but flower teas are generally safe. Offer flowers in moderation and variety, considering potential medicinal effects. Edible fresh or dried flowers (not those for craft-making!) can also serve as enriching foraging material for your pet parrots.

CATEGORYFOOD ITEMIs it Safe for Parrots?REMARKS
Flowers/teasCarnationLimitedAvoid dyed varieties.
Flowers/teasChamomileLimitedContains antimicrobial activities, aiding in treating infections and reducing swelling.
Flowers/teasJasmineLimitedStrengthens immunity and treats liver diseases.
Flowers/teasPassion flowerLimitedContains cyanide, a toxic compound. Feed in moderation.
Flowers/teasRooibosLimitedTannin-free, enhances mineral and vitamin absorption.
Flowers/teasCalendulaYesAnti-inflammatory properties. Good for infections and fungus. Best used in salads.
Flowers/teasEchinaceaYesAnti-inflammatory properties.
Flowers/teasGreen teaYesRich in antioxidants and vitamins. Boosts immune system and metabolic rate. Dissolve in parrot’s drinking water.
Flowers/teasHibiscusYesGood source of vitamin C. Relieves high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
Flowers/teasRoseYesGood source of vitamin C.
Flowers/teasRose hipsYesVery high in vitamin C and anti-inflammatory properties.

Fruits

Fruits parrat

General Remarks: Other than a few toxic fruits and fruit parts (avocado, avocado stones, pits of pitted fruits like peach, cherry, apricot, and apple seeds), most fruits are generally safe. Include fruits in your parrots’ diet but be cautious with amounts due to high sugar content.

CATEGORYFOOD ITEMIs it Safe for Parrots?REMARKS
FruitsFruit, driedDependsDried fruits with no additives like preservatives and sugars are generally safe.
FruitsClementineLimitedHighly acidic, feed in moderation.
FruitsMandarinLimitedHighly acidic, may cause stomach upset if given too much or too often.
FruitsOliveLimitedHigh in fats and sodium chloride, may lead to healthy and high blood pressure.
FruitsPomelo (pummelo, shaddock)LimitedHighly acidic, feed in moderation.
FruitsStarfruit (carambola)LimitedSeeds can be bitter and unpleasant to taste.
FruitsTamarindLimitedNo nutritional value, may cause allergic reactions if consumed excessively.
FruitsAvocadoNoFlesh, pit, and skin are highly toxic; contains persin, a toxic chemical compound.
FruitsBananaYesRemove peels; may contain high amounts of pesticides.
FruitsBlackberryYesExcellent source of anthocyanins, anti-inflammatory properties.
FruitsBlackcurrantYesExcellent source of vitamin C.
FruitsBlueberryYesHigh in nutrients and lower in calories.
FruitsCantaloupeYesPacked with vitamin A, vitamin C, and potassium. Remove rinds; not toxic but hard for parrots to tear.
FruitsCoconutYesUnique blend of minerals and vitamins. Avoid dessicated coconut; soak before feeding.
FruitsCranberryYesGood source of vitamin C, antioxidants, fiber, and minerals.
FruitsCustard apple (Cherimoya)YesAvoid seeds and pits; flesh has anti-inflammatory properties.
FruitsDateYesPromotes healthy blood flow.
FruitsDragonfruit (pitaya)YesVery high in fiber; feed in moderation.
FruitsDurianYesRich in vitamin C, folic acid. Husks are inedible.
FruitsElderberryYesOffer ripe elderberries only; excellent source of vitamin C.
FruitsFigYesRich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber.
FruitsGooseberryYesTart taste; rich in vitamin A and vitamin C.
FruitsGrapeYesHigh in sugars; feed as a treat.
FruitsGuavaYesGood source of vitamins; wash thoroughly to remove pesticides.
FruitsHoneydewYesGood source of fiber for digestive tract health.
FruitsJackfruitYesDelicious snack; avoid overeating.
FruitsKiwiYesExcellent source of dietary fiber, antioxidants, and vitamin C. Feed in moderation; slightly acidic.
FruitsKumquatYesHealthy fruit rich in vitamin C and anti-inflammatory properties.
FruitsLonganYesAvoid peels (pesticides); seeds are tough and slightly toxic.
FruitsLoquatYesRemove toxic seeds and pits.
FruitsLychee (litchi)YesAvoid peels (pesticides); seeds are tough and slightly toxic.
FruitsMangoYesWash pit thoroughly before feeding.
FruitsMangosteenYesAvoid skin (contains toxic liquid) and large seeds; flesh is rich in vitamins and minerals.
FruitsMulberryYesOffer as a treat; great source of fiber, minerals, and vitamins.
FruitsNectarineYesAvoid cyanide-containing seeds and pits. Feed fresh nectarines; dried ones may contain sulphates.
FruitsOrangeYesHighly acidic; feed in moderation.
FruitsPapayaYesExcellent source of fiber, fat, and protein; keeps parrots fit and healthy.
FruitsPassion FruitYesWash well to remove pesticides.
FruitsPeachYesAvoid cyanide-containing pits; flesh is safe.
FruitsPearYesRich in vitamin A and calcium.
FruitsPersimmonYesFeed when ripe; unripe ones contain toxic tannins.
FruitsPineappleYesGood source of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and enzymes.
FruitsPlumYesAvoid cyanide-containing pits; flesh is safe.
FruitsPomegranateYesFull of antioxidants and health benefits; pit is not edible.
FruitsPrickly PearYesRemove skin before feeding.
FruitsPruneYesAvoid cyanide-containing pits; safe when pitted.
FruitsRaisinYesExcellent source of vitamins and nutrients.
FruitsRambutanYesAvoid peels (pesticides); seeds are tough and slightly toxic.
FruitsRaspberryYesClean well before feeding; may contain parasites.
FruitsRose apple (jambu)YesGood source of vitamin C, vitamin A, iron, calcium, and fiber.
FruitsSoursopYesSeeds are toxic; avoid consumption.
FruitsStrawberryYesLoaded with vitamin C and antioxidants.
FruitsTangerineYesEntire fruit, flesh, peels, and seeds are safe.
FruitsWatermelonYesSeeds, flesh, and rinds are all okay.
FruitsWolfberry (goji berry)

Insects

Insects are occasionally consumed by parrots in the wild as part of their diverse diets. Some insects are safe to feed in moderation as they offer valuable protein sources.

CATEGORYFOOD ITEMIs it Safe for Parrots?REMARKS
InsectsWormsYesMealworms, in particular, are rich in proteins.

Meat

Meat can serve as an alternative protein source for parrots. However, some are cautious about feeding animal proteins due to processing, hormone injections, high fat content, and preparation methods (cooking with oil, salt, etc.). Never feed raw meat to your birds.

CATEGORYFOOD ITEMIs it Safe for Parrots?REMARKS
MeatsMeatDependsChicken and turkey are the healthiest but must be cooked with no oil or seasoning.
MeatsSeafoodYesSafe if free of pollutants, toxins, and heavy metals.

Vegetables

Parrot diets should predominantly include raw vegetables, offering a rich mix of essential nutrients such as vitamins, antioxidants, minerals, and fiber. Prioritize washing vegetables thoroughly to eliminate pesticides and herbicides.

CATEGORYFOOD ITEMIs it Safe for Parrots?REMARKS
VegetablesFiddleheadDependsSome types safe, others toxic. Contains omega-3, omega-6, and vitamin C. Use caution.
VegetablesKaffir lime leavesDependsNot toxic, but may have pesticides. Safe if untreated. Some parrots may not like the taste.
VegetablesTomatilloDependsFruits safe, leaves and stems toxic. Exercise caution.
VegetablesGarlicLimitedTiny amounts are safe, but high amounts may lead to blood anemia. Exercise moderation.
VegetablesHorseradishLimitedHigh in toxic mustard oil. Approach with caution.
VegetablesLeekLimitedSmall amounts are safe, but excess may lead to blood anemia. Use in moderation.
VegetablesLentilsLimitedGood protein source but cook to remove anti-nutrients. Moderation is key.
VegetablesMushroomsLimitedFresh, store-bought mushrooms in small quantities are acceptable. UV light exposure is good.
VegetablesOnionLimitedTiny amounts are safe, but excess may lead to blood anemia. Use sparingly.
VegetablesOnion, springLimitedSmall amounts are safe, but excess may lead to blood anemia. Use in moderation.
VegetablesRhubarbLimitedLeaves unsafe; stalks contain oxalic acid (cook for safety). Exercise caution.
VegetablesShallotsLimitedSmall amounts are safe, but excess may lead to blood anemia. Use in moderation.
VegetablesTomatoLimitedHigh acid content. Vines and leaves are toxic. Use with caution.
VegetablesCassavaNoContains cyanide; highly toxic. Avoid entirely.
VegetablesAmaranth leafYesRich in lysine and methionine. Contains antioxidants. Suitable for parrots.
VegetablesArrowrootYesLow in fats, suitable for weight management. Safe for parrots.
VegetablesArtichokeYesExcellent source of vitamin C, potassium, and fiber. Safe for parrots.
VegetablesArugulaYesGood source of vitamin A and C. Supports immune health in parrots.
VegetablesAsparagusYesHigh in vitamins but not a natural food for parrots. Feed in moderation.
VegetablesBamboo shootYesSafe if untreated. Cook for 20 minutes to remove cyanogenic glycosides.
VegetablesBean, blackYesSafe when cooked. Avoid raw beans containing hemagglutinin. Suitable for parrots.
VegetablesBean, cannelliniYesCook thoroughly before feeding. Raw or undercooked beans are harmful. Safe when cooked.
VegetablesBean, favaYesRaw or dried beans toxic. Contain hemagglutinin. Cook before offering to parrots.
VegetablesBean, garbanzoYesHigh in nutrients; cook before feeding. Avoid raw garbanzo beans. Suitable for parrots.
VegetablesBean, greenYesExcellent source of fiber and essential vitamins. Suitable for parrots.
VegetablesBean, kidneyYesEnsure thorough cooking. Good protein and fiber source for parrots.
VegetablesBean, limaYesSafe when cooked. Offer in moderation. Suitable for parrots.
VegetablesBean, mungYesSprout before feeding. Unsafe when dry. Suitable for parrots in moderation.
VegetablesBean, pintoYesCook or sprout before feeding. Raw pinto beans are unsafe. Suitable for parrots.
VegetablesBean, red (adzuki)YesCooked red beans are safe. Raw, dry beans contain toxic hemagglutinin. Suitable for parrots.
VegetablesBean, soy (edamame)YesGood protein source. Cook well before serving. Suitable for parrots.
VegetablesBeet (beetroot)YesRich in vitamins and minerals. Promotes healthy blood flow. Suitable for parrots.
VegetablesBell peppersYesExcellent source of vitamin C. Safe for parrots.
VegetablesBitter melonYesHigh in vitamin C, supporting parrot’s immune system. Suitable for parrots.
VegetablesBok Choy (pak choi)YesRich in calcium, promoting muscle health and bone density. Suitable for parrots.
VegetablesBroccoliYesNutrient-rich. Wash thoroughly if feeding raw. Suitable for parrots.
VegetablesBrussel sproutYesAbundant in antioxidants and Omega-3 fatty acids. Suitable for parrots.
VegetablesBurdock rootYesSource of inulin and fiber, aiding digestion in parrots. Suitable for parrots.

Miscellaneous

CATEGORYFOOD ITEMIs it Safe for Parrots?REMARKS
MiscellaneousHoneyDependsHarbors bacteria and mold; may contain herbicides and pesticides. Not suitable for parrot consumption.
MiscellaneousSpicy foodDependsParrots enjoy spicy food, but some spices like cassia/Chinese cinnamon (high in coumarin) can be toxic, causing liver damage. Exercise caution.
MiscellaneousAloe veraYesPromotes healthier liver functions. Avoid leaves and sap, which contain aloin causing intestinal irritations.
MiscelaneousGrassYesAids parrots in regenerating an

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